21.
Tombstone Inscription in the Wall of the House in Prijeko Street

PERIOD/DATING
3rd – 6th century

LOCATION
42.584252, 18.216191

CADASTRAL PLOT
cadastral plot 113 of the cadastre municipality Cavtat, Prijeko 86
Mala karta

N XXV H S E NIVS POSVIT E SVO NTVBERNALI VAE BENE RENTI A SE A PRECOR LEVITER OSSA RESIDAS AT VT PIETAS MIA QVAE MERVIT

The husband erects a monument to the deceased wife who died at the age of 25. They were not legally married as Roman citizens, but in the contubernia, which means that the woman was a slave, so she was not allowed to enter into a legal marriage. The husband writes on the monument: to his deserving wife (contubernali bene merenti), while the rest of the monument is engraved in verse: please, earth, be easy on her bones (et te terr] a precor leviter / (super] ossa residas), for she should feel rewarded for her loyalty as she deserved ([senti] at ut pietas / [prae] mia quae meruit). Although the names of the husband and wife have not been preserved, it is interesting to note the wife’s age, she was 25 years old. Namely, this may mean that the husband did not know her exact age because the age was often rounded to 5 or 0 when it was not known exactly how old the person was, which is easily possible in this case since she was a slave.

N XXV H S E
NIVS POSVIT
E SVO
NTVBERNALI
VAE BENE
RENTI A SE
A PRECOR LEVITER
OSSA RESIDAS
AT VT PIETAS
MIA QVAE MERVIT

TRANSCRIPTION

[….] / […an]N(orum) XXV H(ic) S(ita) E(st) / [….]NIUS POSUIT / E SUO / [co]NTUBERNALI / [s]UAE BENE / [me]RENTI A SE / [et te terr]A PRECOR LEVITER / [super]OSSA RESIDAS / [senti]AT UT PIETAS / [prae]MIA QUAE MERUIT

LITERATURA

  • Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum (CIL) III 1760